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Types of shares on the stock exchange: categories and characteristics

Shares are a very popular form of investment, both among individuals and between companies. But what are the types of shares on the stock exchange, and what are the categories that distinguish them? In this article, we’ll explore the various categories of stocks, their characteristics, and the differences between them. In particular, we will analyze category A, B, C and D stocks, special stocks and savings stocks. In addition, we will provide detailed information on the categories of actions, including their advantages and disadvantages, and on the differences between them.

Stock categories

Shares are divided into different categories, depending on the characteristics that distinguish them. One of the main distinctions concerns the categories of shares, which can be classified according to their liquidity, their volatility, their profitability and their market capitalization.

The most common stock categories are the following: — Category A shares: these are the most liquid and volatile stocks, and are listed on the main stock markets. They are also the shares with the highest market capitalization and the highest profitability. — Category B shares: they are less liquid and volatile than category A shares, but are still listed on the main stock markets. — Category C shares: they are shares listed on secondary markets, less liquid and volatile than category A and B shares. — Category D shares: they are shares of companies not listed on the stock exchange, and are therefore less liquid and volatile than other categories of shares. Special shares: In addition to the categories of shares, there are also special shares, which may be issued by companies for specific reasons.

These shares include preferred shares, shares without voting rights and savings shares. — Preferred shares: they are shares that give their holders special rights, such as the right to receive a fixed dividend or the right to be paid before ordinary shareholders in the event of the liquidation of the company. — Shares without voting rights: they are shares that do not give their holders the right to attend shareholder meetings or to vote on business decisions. — Savings actions: they are shares that give their holders a fixed dividend, but not the right to vote.

Conclusions and suggestions

Stock categories and special actions represent a complex and varied world, and choosing the right investment depends on the needs and objectives of each investor. However, some useful tips may help you make the right choice: — Consider the liquidity and volatility of the shares, to understand how easy it is to sell or buy a stock. — Evaluate the market capitalization of the shares, to understand how big the company is and how stable its performance is. — Examine the rights conferred by special shares, to understand if they are suitable for your investment needs. — Consult reliable sources and professionals in the sector, to get updated information and detailed on the various types of actions and their characteristics.

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