Bitcoin seizure is the process by which the government attempts to legally expropriate a citizen of bitcoin. However, bitcoin is a type of property that is uniquely resistant to seizure. There is no physical force or legal coercion that can transfer bitcoins from one party to another without the corresponding private keys. However, if the authorities can ascertain an individual’s real identity and bitcoin addresses, they can force that individual to disclose the private keys needed to move the bitcoin.
Bitcoin may be resistant to seizures, but humans are still vulnerable to physical threats, blackmail, and other forms of coercion.
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Can crypto wallets be seized?
As long as it’s a non-holder wallet and you haven’t shared your private keys: no. At the same time, if a wallet is installed on your mobile as an app, there is a risk that someone can access it quickly. So, you’d better choose a wallet with multiple safeguards. For example, we protect our wallets with a double bottom, Face ID, pin codes, mnemonic phrases, etc.
What is Bitcoin seizure?
Bitcoin seizure occurs when a law enforcement agency obtains the bitcoin address and private key of an individual or entity that has violated the law. Sometimes the agency turns to the exchange hosting the wallet in question to seize a private key. Other times, the agency will attempt to seize the bitcoin by hacking the defendant’s hot wallet and obtaining private keys, or by expropriating the owner of a cold wallet. These warrants are typically sealed, unlike warrants that seize an address, which also reveal the entire history of transactions involving the address in question to prove probable cause.
Every U.S. The prosecutor’s office establishes procedures governing the seizure of assets for virtual currency. Prior to the commencement of legal proceedings or the actual seizure of assets, the prosecutor’s office cooperates with the United States. Marshals service to determine the amount and valuation of bitcoin that will be seized. To obtain a seizure warrant, the executive agency must submit an application and an affidavit claiming in sufficient detail the factual charges and the probable cause of the seizure.
In general, the executive agency deals with the logistics of the seizure and the possibility of confiscation, management or disposal problems, and whether the asset is valuable enough to justify a seizure at that time. Multiple agencies will collaborate in planning an indictment strategy, but only the United States. Marshals Service can auction bitcoins that have been seized by another U.S. government agency. The seizure procedure must be based on a law enforcement officer’s finding that the property is likely to represent the proceeds or has been used to facilitate criminal activity.
How is Bitcoin seized?
Bitcoin is seized by law enforcement following a criminal charge. Each seizure agency preemptively creates a wallet to temporarily hold the seized bitcoin before custody is finally transferred to the United States. Marshals service for the auction. It is unclear whether the FBI should obtain a warrant to possess the private key because those warrants are sealed. The non-disclosure of the existence of the warrant makes it more difficult to know exactly how the FBI obtained the private key. However, warrants and affidavits for the seizure of bitcoins stored at a specific address are typically publicly available.
Technical seizure occurs when the law enforcement agency seizes bitcoin through a warrant. Bitcoin held in custody can also be seized under a seizure warrant, which must quantify the amount of bitcoins held and the identity of the address owner. The search warrant for bitcoins to be seized by an exchange or other institutional custodian will be addressed to the exchange, not the individual.
A properly filed seizure warrant clearly identifies the address associated with the bitcoin to be seized and must present facts that satisfy the probable cause under the Fourth Amendment. In addition, an exchange or other custodian of the institutional wallet may provide the bitcoin private key identified in the seizure warrant to an executive agency in an attempt to absolve itself of responsibility.
A warrant is not the only way for a law enforcement agency to seize bitcoins held by another individual or entity. Bitcoin can also be taken by the government through a process called confiscation. Confiscation is the permanent loss of that bitcoin by court order or judgment. Seizure may occur before confiscation and not all seizures will result in confiscation.
In a confiscation criminal prosecution, the accused is accused of criminal activities involving a certain asset or a specific asset. Bitcoin is not entirely fungible and the law treats bitcoin as property, so it is subject to confiscation in addition to seizure. Most often, the defendants in a confiscation action are already in custody and reveal the private key as part of a plea bargain.
Prosecuting confiscation prosecutions is a common way for the Justice Department to acquire bitcoins through its agencies and officials, because criminal defendants often accept plea deals. In such a scenario, a warrant may not be necessary if the defendant voluntarily renounces the private key in exchange for a plea bargain.
Why is Bitcoin being seized?
Seizure occurs in the event of arrest, on the basis of a search warrant,
or on the basis of a seizure warrant, which clearly defines the specific property to be seized.
Bitcoin used to facilitate the commission of a crime
Bitcoin that is used to facilitate a crime can be seized by a warrant. Facilitation is any act or conduct that makes the crime more difficult to detect, or any tool exercised by the individual that allowed the crime to occur. For example, consider a company that engages in monetary services business using bitcoin. Operating without the appropriate license could result in criminal money laundering or a conspiracy to launder the charge. Assets used to facilitate a criminal act could have been legally obtained, but are still subject to seizure if the property was used or allowed the commission of the crime.
Bitcoin makes money from criminal activities or services
The proceeds of a crime are acquired by the criminal as compensation for committing the crime. For example, accepting bitcoin as payment for the sale of narcotics, computer hacking, or an assassination attempt, would make that bitcoin “prone to a crime” and therefore able to be seized by a government agency.